Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2024)


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Guest article by Gerry Thompson

Banking sectors are quite efficient in managing the whole economic factor of a country.

There is no doubt that banks are dealing with the foremost headache of a country because the economy is the key to living.

However, the difference in banks also determines different roles and responsibilities. Therefore, if you want to consider proper banking, you will need to go for the best option in the market. No matter what your purpose is, proper banking will save you from bankruptcy.

It's not just about individuals but government entities when we consider investment banking. Yes, it is a high-risk sector to support the whole economy of a country.

On the other hand, commercial banks deal with individual needs and processing. If you are dealing with a commercial bank, then you are safe in your financial future.

No matter who is considering what, both these banks will remain in the market to ensure better economic regulation.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (1)

What Is Investment Banking?

Most of the large entities in the commercial sector are prone to investment banks, and that creates a significant resolution to market liquidation and regulation.

It's tough to judge a particular role of a bank in the economic market as everything is almost connected to each other.

For instance, when the companies are capable of taking risks and providing better business, the investors will try to initiate better transaction processing towards those companies. Altogether, these activities will ensure a better economic market for a country.

On the other hand, a better economic resolution handles a better outcome of a country's GDP.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2)

However, investments are subject to market risk, and investment banks consider a variety of products and services. The wide range of it to engage big organizations and government entities showcases the risk factor involved in an investment bank.

Let's find out the number of tasks an investment bank possesses in the contemporary market so far.

  • It helps raise capital.
  • Delivers proper financing projects(large).
  • Manages broad assets.
  • Consider IPO pricing.
  • Buys and sells all kinds of securities of the big organizations.
  • Helps to facilitate various mergers and acquisitions of government entities.
  • It also promotes the investors.
  • It creates coordination of past and future consumption.

What Is Commercial Banking?

Individuals and small businesses are referred to for commercial banking. Where investment banks work with the big financial sectors and government entities, commercial banks deal with small businesses and individuals.

Commercial banks are prone to financial deposits, loans, account services, and certificates of deposits. It also deals with the savings accounts of individuals and small businesses.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (3)

In addition, commercial banks are always open to mortgages and loans for the sake of interest and earnings purposes.

Loans like business loans, auto loans, and personal loans are on the vigorous list of commercial banking.

Difference Between Commercial Bank And Investment Bank

After you know about the banks, it's crucial to understand the difference in roles and responsibilities among them.

However, there are few banks that work with the combination of commercial and investment banking processes. In 2008, during the economic crisis, they fell down drastically. So it's very crucial to understand the difference in roles and responsibilities and how they compromise the factors.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (4)

1. Difference In Service

The first and foremost difference is in the service of these two banks. Where commercial banks provide service to the normal public, investment banks provide service to investors and governments, and giant corporations.

On the other hand, the main service apart from the added service of an investment bank is buying and selling stocks and bonds. There is a big difference in providing the service for commercial banks.

A commercial bank will be in the loop of services regarding deposits, lending loans, and mortgage loans.

Apart from that, there are extra services, which can also be called the secondary service of an investment bank. For instance, asset management, brokerage services, raising money, providing advice, and underwriting securities.

In contrast, commercial banks are more related to internet banking services, including mobile banking and other card facilities. However, it also possesses locker facilities and overdrafts.

2. In Terms Of Profit Earning

When you take a loan from a commercial bank, you will need to pay the interest rates, and that's the profit of a commercial bank. On the other hand, Bank Pelaburan provides different kinds of services, and for those services, they take charges, and that's their earnings.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (5)

3. Area Of Risk Involvement

The risk is too high with investment banks, and that is why it is not for individuals. Investment banks depend on past and future coordination, and thus the prediction comes in front to leverage the profit.

In contrast, commercial banks are involved with low risks. These are providing loans and other services to the individuals, and thus they do not possess bigger risks.

4. Consumer Base

Well, commercial banks deal with individuals and small enterprises. So, obviously, they have a larger customer base than investment banks.

When the risk is high, and the base is not individual, you can predict that it's not always about the customer base but about the responsibilities they take to prepare a better economy for a country.

5. Significant Connections

There is a prominent connection between credit demand on commercial banks. When people are jumping for loans, the credit demand will be high, and vice versa.

In contrast, commercial banks have a strong connection to financial market performance. If the market is working rich with high conditions, the investment bank may perform better.

Why Is Investment Banking So Important?

It's not the time to judge the efficiency of a bank but to understand its importance. However, as investment banks are working with government entities, the importance of their function is high.

It has an impact directly on the economy of a country.

No matter where the GDP of a country is, if the investment banks work better to regulate the financial aspects of a country, they will be able to make sure of a better economic condition. Moreover, it plays an advisory role in managing wealth and assets.

As a seasoned expert in finance and banking, I can confidently provide insights into the concepts discussed in the article. My extensive knowledge in the field is evident from my understanding of the roles and responsibilities of both investment banks and commercial banks. Let's break down the key concepts used in the article:

  1. Banking Sectors and Economic Management:

    • The article emphasizes the crucial role of banks in managing the economic factors of a country. It rightly points out that the economy is a key element of national well-being.
    • It highlights the diverse roles and responsibilities that banks undertake, affecting both individuals and government entities.
  2. Investment Banking:

    • Investment banking is portrayed as a high-risk sector focused on supporting the overall economy of a country.
    • The article explains that investment banks cater to large entities in the commercial sector, playing a vital role in market liquidation and regulation.
    • It outlines specific tasks performed by investment banks, such as raising capital, managing assets, facilitating mergers and acquisitions, and dealing with a variety of financial products and services.
  3. Commercial Banking:

    • Commercial banking, in contrast to investment banking, is described as serving individuals and small businesses.
    • The services provided by commercial banks include financial deposits, loans, account services, certificates of deposits, mortgages, and various types of loans for interest and earnings purposes.
  4. Difference Between Commercial and Investment Banks:

    • The article highlights several key differences between commercial and investment banks.
    • Differences in services are emphasized, with commercial banks serving the general public and investment banks catering to investors, governments, and large corporations.
    • Profit earning mechanisms differ, where commercial banks earn through interest rates on loans, and investment banks earn through charges for various financial services.
  5. Risk Involvement:

    • A significant distinction is made regarding the level of risk involved. Investment banks are portrayed as high-risk, particularly due to their dependence on market coordination and predictions. In contrast, commercial banks deal with lower risks by providing services to individuals.
  6. Consumer Base and Connections:

    • Commercial banks are noted to have a larger customer base as they deal with individuals and small enterprises.
    • The article points out the connections between credit demand and commercial banks and the financial market performance and investment banks.
  7. Importance of Investment Banking:

    • The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of investment banking in directly impacting the economy of a country.
    • Investment banks are seen as crucial players in regulating the financial aspects of a country, influencing economic conditions, and playing an advisory role in managing wealth and assets.

In summary, the article provides a comprehensive overview of the roles, differences, and significance of investment and commercial banking in the economic landscape.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2024)
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